The Scripture Selection page provides some verses from the Gathas and their translations. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. 2. Zoroastrian Zoroastrianism practices: Zoroastrians believe that the elements are pure and that fire represents God’s light or wisdom. In addition to Herodotus' observations, there is evidence of early western (Persian and Median) open air places of worship in the higher reaches of the foothills of the Zagros and Bakhtiyari mountains (the western mountains of Iran, adjacent to the present Iran-Iraq border) dated to a few hundred years before Herodotus. There are indications that dried shrubs, twigs and wood from Camel Thorn, Juniper and Plane (Chenar) trees were traditionally used for the atash-gah fires.]. Zoroastrians believe that the elements are pure and that fire represents God 's light or wisdom. Zoroastrianism (or Mazdaism) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra, in Avestan) and was formerly among the world’s largest religions. Besides the many goods traded on the Silk Road, beliefs and cultures were also exchanged between nations. Mantras are insightful thoughts; thoughts for reflection, contemplation and meditation on God's work, personal spiritual growth, introspection and commitment to the principles of the faith as well as personal goals. The wondrous workings of the cosmic order ašá/arthá are akin to the transformative nature of fire. The word for “fire” in the Avesta is áθar/áthar, also áθarš/átharš, referring to the “fires of altar and hearth.” It comes from reconstructed Proto Indo European *háhtr “hearth or altar fire,” from the root *hahs-“to burn”, and is a cognate of Hittite hâssâ “hearth fire,” (Courtesy of Didier Calin. In the Zoroastrian scriptures is a section called the Gathas or hymns. The Divine 1. The three ancient fire temples, known as the Great Fires, wer… It is the symbol of Ahura Mazda, along with the sun, stars and light and is also a physical representation of an illuminated mind. Ahura Mazda has an evil opponent called Aura Mainyu (which may have strongly influenced the idea of Satan in the Abrahamic religions). Persia is now a Mohammedan country. They no more worship the fire than Christians worship the Cross or Jews worship the Torah scroll. Fire—along with water—are seen as symbols of purity in Zoroastrian religion.Zoroastrian places of worship are sometimes called fire temples. Fire is a source of light and light represents wisdom while darkness represents ignorance. Fire in our faith embodies the triumph, the unsurpassed power of the spirit ḵratü (Homeric krátos,) the breaking free from the confines of space, love of excellence/virtue ašá/arthá and the projection of the unbounded will power into the ends of time and space. This development is discussed in our page on places of worship. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Search from Zoroastrianism Fire stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Zoroastrianism Rises in North America ... Now he finds refuge at his community’s fire temple, the Zoroastrian house of worship, which hosts a gas flame that never goes out. (Compare Avestan ûrvar with Latin arbor.). Zarathushtra, and later tradition, refer to the Gathas as mathra (later called a manthra). Muslims have also taken the concept of praying five times a day and using a prayer cap or head-covering while praying from Zoroastrianism. Change ). Among the most important of these gods were Mithra (god of contracts, the rising sun, cosmic order, and kingship), Anahita (goddess of fertility, health, water, wisdom, and war), Hvar Ksata (god of the full sun), Verethragna (warrior-god/defender of the good), Tishtrya (god of agriculture and rainfall), Haoma (go… Reciting a manthra is one form of prayer. In fact, the Persian word doud-man “lineage, dynasty, house” goes back to the SMOKE arising from the “family hearth.” Thus an eternal flame burning in “home, hearth and kin group” is both a consequence and a requirement of ašá/arθá “excellence, truth, world order.”. Fire is also recognized as a powerful purifier and is respected for that reason. A flame always burns upwards, so are the paths toward the horizons of a yet unrealized future. Through heroic struggle, mortal man becomes a vessel of sublime change and gives rise to consciously willed evolution. ), Avestan manö is a cognate with Greek menos μένος, understood as ‘fighting spirit’ in Homeric contexts, and indicates creative forces animated by supernal “disposition/mindset/spirit.”. The gathering areas were on hillsides and hilltops. "... separated the priesthood from other folk No Temples or AltarsWorshipping on High Places. While Zoroastrians are sometimes mistaken for fire worshipers, they do not worship the fire itself. that God be adored in quietude." Zoroastrianism, ancient pre- Islamic religion of Iran that survives there in isolated areas and, more prosperously, in India, where the descendants of Zoroastrian Iranian (Persian) immigrants are known as Parsis, or Parsees. It was in Achaemenian times, during the reign of Darius I (522-486 BC) that permanent altars were built as a place for worship. 23.6.31-32: "They have also as many cities as Media, and villages as strongly built as towns in other countries, inhabited by large bodies of citizens. Further, as the spiritual fire will be diminished with bad or negative thoughts, the temporal fire is kept free from anything that will sully the flame. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran … Traditionally, Zoroastrians worship individually at home, or in the open, facing a source of light. Our bodies are the temples of the spiritual flame - the mainyu athra that resides within us - and our lives are the temples of our souls. We read in the poetic gathas, Yasna 51.9 2nd rhymed verse line: aii.aηhá ḵšûstá aibî ahv.áhü daḵštem dávöi. tot en met de 7e eeuw n. Chr. Authentic Zoroastrianism based on the poetic gathas and their most ancient commentaries, Introductory poem to the gatha inspired poetry, The principle of action and the impulse of health/vitality in Zoroastrianism, Zoroastrianism, sacred fire and fire-worship, Mazda, Odin and the Sacred Fire of Zoroaster – rainwindandwolf, Rapithwin, the lord of brightness, and radiance, Veneration of Immortals, and the Concept of Intercession in Zoroastrianism. In as much as the spiritual fire - the mainyu athra - is to be fed the fuel of good thoughts and a life led according to the principles of Asha (s… The temporal world therefore is the battle-field in which the warrior fulfills his divine destiny, cherishing life as a cultivator and farmer, where plants, animals and men are each called to grow and ripen into powerful forces asserting themselves within the creative order of ašá/arthá. Plato (our note: at Ax. Zoroastrians are not fire-worshippers, as some Westerners wrongly believe. Zoroastrians worship in fire temples, where a sacred fire is kept burning to signify an eternal flame, and fire is always present during special prayers and ceremonies. In Indo-European languages, there were two concepts regarding fire: that of an animate type called *egni- (cf. This belief system held that there were many gods, ruled by Ahura Mazda, who guided and protected humanity from the threats and influences of dark forces, led by the spirit-deity Angra Mainyu. Zoroastrian worship practices have evolved from ancient times to the present day. In as much as the spiritual fire - the mainyu athra - is to be fed the fuel of good thoughts and a life led according to the principles of Asha (scriptural reference: Gatha 31.3), the temporal fire is fed pure fuels so that it too may burn with vigour and brightness. The Zoroastrian scriptures are called the Avesta, and they are written in an ancient language Avestan, that is closely related … The temporal fire also represents the fire of creation. At the heart of a Zoroastrian place of worship burns a fire - and where possible the fire burns continuously symbolizing an eternal flame. The spéñištá fire can be compared with ugnis szwenta of Lithuanian heathenry. The passing of Zoroastrian ideas and values from one person to the next is symbolized by a new flame being lit from an existing one. The holiest temple fires take up to a year to consecrate, and many have been burning for years or even centuries. Look upon the fire and behold therein how they were created." Zoroastrians worship in fire temples such as the one below. Zoroastrian struggle is to bring “the spiritual and the infinite” into the world and to discover the eternal flame within. Silk Road Spread. In the Zoroastrian sacred poetry fire/luminous energy is the visible son or prodigy pûthræ of Ahûrá Mazdá. The sacred fire, which was common to Indian and Iranian traditions even before Zarathushtra, is the central icon of the faith. outdoor worship sites in Tajikistan (see photo at the right). Zoroastrian temples keep a fire burning at all times to represent Ahura Mazda’s eternal power. Zoroastrianism is a pre-Islamic Iranian religion and one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. The Early Iranian Religion was polytheistic with Ahura Mazda as the king of the gods presiding over a pantheon of many others. Despite this early tradition, Zoroastrians did develop the concept of worshipping in temples. It was probably founded sometime before the 6th century BCE in Greater Iran. This comes, I think, from their not believing the gods to have the same nature with men, as the Greeks imagine. In the Zoroastrian religion, fire (see atar), together with clean water (see aban), are agents of ritual purity Devotees young and old at pilgrimage site Pir-e Sabz / Chak-Chak, Yazd, Iran. Zoroastrian's worship in places known as fire temples and it is there that an eternal flame is kept burning with sandalwood and frankincense oils. Fire, in Zoroastrianism therefore, is considered one of the most sacred elements of nature. ], Zoroastrians turn towards a flame (atarsh/athra/atash) or a source of light while praying. Zoroastrianism became the state religion of Persia. The polytheistic faith of the early Persians was most likely already developed in some form prior to their arrival in the region of Iran sometime around the 3rd millennium BCE and then was influenced by the Elamites and people of Susiana who were already established there. The word namaz is now also used by Persian and Indo-Pakistani Muslims to mean prayer. God made them not with dust and water. But to Thy enemy, Mazda//with hands wielding discernible power, inflicts agony. Fire represents many ideas and ideals of the faith. Zoroastrian’s worship in places known as fire temples and it is there that an eternal flame is kept burning with sandalwood and frankincense oils. Nature worship - Nature worship - Fire: Worship of fire is widespread, especially in areas where the earthly fire is believed to be the image of the heavenly fire. After the time of Zoroaster, Zoroastrianism underwent many changes at the hands of the priests who were called Magi. In temples the source of light is a flame maintained in a fire urn. If so, one of the few Western references to this name), that is to say, the purest worship of divine beings (cf. The notion of fire worship goes back to reverence for “hearth fire” among ancient Indo-Europeans. For cosmos is actively in the state of becoming infinitely better. This is a natural progression of the ethical creed of good thoughts, words and deeds, where good deeds are held to be most meritorious. The orthodox will pray during each of the five divisions of the day (see our page on the Zoroastrian calendar) or gahs (see our page on the Avesta, scriptures) including reciting a special set of prayers before and after bathing. In his epic, the Shahnameh, Ferdowsi states that legendary King Jamshid created four professional guilds of which the priesthood was the first. Long known as fire worshippers, Zoroastrian fire adoration traces its roots back to those combustible oil deposits found naturally near the surface of the ground there, most notably the Baku Springs region. Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest monotheistic religions. A fire temple, Atashkadeh (Persian: آتشکده ‎), Atashgah (آتشگاه) or Dar-e Mehr (در مهر) is the place of worship for the followers of Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Iran . Zoroastrianism: Boyce, Mary: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen … Ignorance and darkness are the absence of wisdom and light. The chief symbol of Zoroastrianism is fire. Zoroastrians are sometimes mistakenly believed to worship fire. Szwenta “auspicious, holy, increasing” is the same as the Avestan speñtá. ( Log Out /  “Eternal Progress” is the definition of faršö-kart “the splendid re-making, fresh new creation of the worlds.”. However, fire is not worshipped, but is seen as sacred force which is the source of all energy and the sy… ( Log Out /  Greek historian and visitor to ancient Persia, Herodotus, described (c. 430 BCE) the worship customs of the Persian Zoroastrians of his day as follows: "The customs which I know the Persians to observe are the following: they have no images of the gods (a Greek manner of speaking), no temples nor altars, and consider the use of them a sign of folly. Moreover, people keep the fire inside the fire temple going forever, never letting it get extinguished. These fire-keepers are priests of the Zoroastrian religion. Every fire temple houses an ‘eternal flame’ on its altar, which burns continuously without extinguishing. The verse is about the realization of “an eternal age of progress and a spring with no end” through a “molten, flowing” ḵšûstá “metal/iron” aii.aηhá which “gives or establishes” dávöi the “sign, indication” daḵštem of “a god-like existence” ahv.áhü. 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